A concept used in philosophy, in metaphysics and memetic engineering; meanings and applications vary.
In the school of Jungism, anima may mean either (a) the inner personality that is turned toward the unconscious of the individual (contrasted with persona) or (b) the feminine principle, esp. as present in men (contrasted with animus).
In memetic engineering - a metalevel intelligence such as an intelligent meme or second order perversion emerging from the interactions of a group or system and influencing its behaviour.
In philosophy, Lat. anima mundi, (world soul), denotes a universal spirit or soul that functions as an organizing principle. While many early Greek philosophers saw the world as of one principle, Plato was the first to state that this concept held the same relation to the world as the human soul did to the body. For Plotinus, the World Soul was the lowest of the three hypostases. The early industrial age philosopher von Schelling used the term as a unifying principle, coordinating the organic and the inorganic in life. Western conceptions of the world soul are only superficially like eastern concepts such as Brahman or Tao
- Animus - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
In the school of Jungism, the masculine principle, esp. as present in women (contrasted with anima).