Strictly speaking, any member of a major group of related Old Earth organisms that are multicellular, eukaryotic, motile at some or all stages of life, and digest their food internally. More broadly, any similar biological organism, Terragen or otherwise, and natural or otherwise. Xenobionts, neogens, and sufficiently biological-seeming synano or cyborg organisms are often called animals. Inorganic beings like bots or subturing AIs are typically called animals only by analogy. In popular usage, sophonts like humans or provolves are not usually referred to as animals, even though they do not differ biologically from their relatives. Some xenologists and biologists prefer to reserve the term "animal" exclusively for Terragen species, while others will extend it to cover similar xenobionts with a water-based and oxygen-breathing biochemistry but exclude life forms that are otherwise animal-like but show some other form of xenobiochemistry. In such cases they typically invent alternative terms. There are similar disagreements regarding the nomenclature for sentient but subsophont neogen, synano, and cyborg organisms that resemble natural Terragen animals.
Most Terragen animals have complex tissues, and embryological development that leads to organs or even organ systems. Though a typical animal has a worm-like morphotype and is a few millimetres long, even these "worms" have some extraordinary variety in their internal anatomy, and animals generally show a wider range of shapes than any other Old Earth phylum. They might be as simple as sponges and placozoans or as complex as vertebrates; they might be sessile or motile; they might be subterranean, aquatic, terrestrial or airborne; they range in size from microscopic rotifers, tardigrades and nematodes consisting of a few hundred cells to cetaceans or sauropods weighing a hundred tons or more, and they range in intellectual capacity from subsentient forms without any nervous system at all to primates, cetaceans, corvids, parrots, and proboscideans. Animals first became common on Old Earth at the beginning of the Cambrian, and have been important in their biosphere ever since.
A typical animal's lifestyle involves seeking out food to ingest; food that may itself be another organism that actively avoids this fate. As a result, animal species often evolve sophisticated sensory organs for detecting their food, extensive musculature and an nervous systems that allow them to search widely and efficiently for their food and capture it if necessary, and a brain sufficient to process the internal and external information for these tasks. For these reasons the most intelligent life forms both on Old Earth and on other garden-worlds are almost always animals. According to some xenobiologists and paleoxenobiologists, fully five percent of those naturally evolved garden-worlds able to support large animals will produce sophont or near-sophont life forms at some point in their history.
- Amphibian (biology) - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
Terragen vertebrate animals that spend the early part of their life cycle in water breathing through gills, but usually live on land as air-breathing adults. They include frogs, toads, newts, salamanders, caecilians, labyrinthodonts, and a number of other forms. The term may also be used to refer to equivalent xenobionts.
- Arachnid - Text by Stephen Inniss
A class of Old Earth arthropods. Among other common characteristics they have eight legs, a pair of appendages legs that serve as mouth parts called chelicerae, and an additional pair of appendages called pedipalps that may serve for feeding, locomotion, or reproduction depending on the species. Arthropods include spiders, scorpions, mites, ticks, and whip scorpions. Most are detritivores, parasites, or predators. Before the Great Dying there were over 100,000 species. Records of many of the originals were preserved by the Burning Library Project, and it is believed that GAIA has lazurogened many or all of the ancient varieties. Arachnids are common to in almost any Terragen-derived biosystem, if only as soil organisms. Non-sophont splices such as space spiders and bucky spiders are fairly common. Spider provolves and rianths are quite rare, but the Imtonasi are a fairly widespread clade.
- Archosaur - Text by M. Alan Kazlev, with additions by Stephen Inniss
"Ruling Reptile". Important biological clade of terragen vertebrates that rose to prominence in the Mesozoic of Old Earth. It includes crocodilians, dinosaurs, birds, and a number of other extant, extinct or lazurogened types. A number of provolved species are of archosaurian derivation.
- Bird - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
Class of feathered, warm-blooded, egg-laying terragen flying vertebrates (Aves), present in most terrestrial ecosystems, and often distinguished by their bright markings and musical voice. The first species to be provolved was the African Gray Parrot during the early Interplanetary Age (the first non-mammalian provolve). Since then many thousands more species have been provolved, tweaked, spliced, bred, or allowed to evolve naturally from isolated populations in small biospheres. Although most bird provolves live in the Utopia Sphere, a large number of species and clades can be found throughout the civilized galaxy.
- Cambrian Explosion - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
Period at the dawn of, or just preceding, the Cambrian period, when an unusual combination of environmental events (tectonic, atmospheric, ocean chemistry, climatic, ecological) triggered the sudden evolutionary radiation of terragen metazoa. These events are so unique and so distinctive that the term "Cambrian explosion" is used to refer to the sudden appearance of any higher ecologies and biota on a Gaian Type world previously only inhabited by microorganisms (or equivalent).
- Copepod - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
Tiny shrimp-like crustaceans; some types such as krill are an important food-source for many baleen whales and other marine animals. They are a a major constituent of Terragen zooplankton, and an important source of protein for the whale provolves of Oro Mistral and Pacifica.
- Coral - Text by M. Alan Kazlev and Stephen Inniss
Terragen marine metazoan animals, class Anthozoa, phylum Cnidaria. Though some are solitary, a typical coral is a colony of genetically identical polyps, each of which secretes calcium carbonate at its base to create a common skeleton with a characteristic structure. They are often brightly colored when alive, but after death of the polyp the color fades and becomes a bleached white. The best known and most numerous types of corals derive much of their sustenance from symbiotic photosynthetic algae. Because of this these are limited to regions of sunny shallow water and low nutrient flow, where bright light reaches the ocean floor. Such corals are an important element of many phototrophic tropical ocean biospheres.
- Electrogenic Fish
- Fish - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
 Polyphyletic taxon; aquatic non-tetrapod terragen vertebrates, usually (though not necessarily) with paired fins and scales. Important component of most Terragen aquatic ecosystems. There have been several successful fish provolves, especially since the Empires Age. However, most fishes are subsapient sentient animals.
 Generally, alifes, bioships, and xenobiota of fish-like morphotype.
- Humanimal - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
An animal provolved by means of human genome, a neospecies or splice. (Contra rianth.)
- Icthyosaur - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
Terragen Mesozoic marine reptile, superficially resembling dolphins to a remarkable degree. Have been successfully lazurogened a number of times. The largest populations in terms of both species diversity and individuals are to be found on Owen.
- Mollusca, Mollusc
- Nematode, Nematoda
- Plesiosaur - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
Large, long-necked, small-headed, fish-eating flippered marine reptiles from the Mesozoic Era of Old Earth, Order Sauropterygia. Length 3 to 15 meters. Short-necked large-headed carnivorous forms are called pliosaurs. A number of authentic and near-authentic plesiosaur species have been successfully lazurogened.
- Pterosaur - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
Flying archosaurian reptile, native to the Mesozoic era of Old Earth. A number of actual and neogenous species have been lazurogened. The so-called "Pteranodon People" are actually pterosaur-human neogens, rather than true lazurogenic pterosaurs.
- Zoosplice - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
Gengineered terragen animal neospecies made from integration of two or more species.