A nanecology built solely on organic nanites (bionano).
Strictly speaking, natural carbon-based ecosystems area a form of bionanecology. The term however is more generally used to refer to artificial bionano, as opposed to naturally evolved bionano. Most bionanecologies and hylonanecologies tend to merge, with each using components found in the other; the difference between them being one of degree rather than of kind. In some cases however, unregulated bionanecologies can infect natural biosystems and biospheres with which they come in contact, leading to an explosion of hybrid lifeforms