Geography
The study of how natural geological forces, and introduced nanecologies, individuals and societies, and megascale projects shape the surface of a planet.

Includes the study of how nanecologies, isolationist ai, and introduced biota, biont and aioid individuals and societies shape and organize the landscape and climate according to their needs. Various included and overlapping fields are population density and distribution, cityscapes, transportation, land and resource use, the impact of technology, feng shui, nano-development, local trade, and regional development.
 
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    In a Terrestrial Class planet, the rocky mass of the world, everything apart from atmosphere and ocean. In the case of Gaian Type terrestrial planets includes continental and oceanic crust as well as the various layers of the planet's interior. The interior of the Terrestrial Class in general and the Gaian Types in particular is layered both chemically and mechanically. While some terrestrial class worlds have a static geosphere, in almost all Gaian Types worlds and some other terrestrial types the geosphere is active, with the crust is in a constant state of motion that gives rise to movement of the continents. The study of the geosphere is known as geology.
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Development Notes
Text by M. Alan Kazlev
modified from the original write-up by Robert J. Hall
Initially published on 31 October 2001.