Kuiper Belt
In the Solar System, the region beyond Neptune. It includes more than 70,000 small objects, a number up to asteroidal size. It is located from 30 to 50 A.U.'s and was discovered in 1992. The Kuiper belt may be the source of the short-period comets (like Halley's comet). The Kuiper belt was named for the Dutch-American astronomer Gerard P. Kuiper, who predicted its existence in 1951. In general, any belt beyond the outermost large planet of a solar system, consisting of mainly icy objects (ice dwarfs and ice planetisimals).
 
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Development Notes
Text by M. Alan Kazlev

Initially published on 29 November 2001.