Understanding of the universe developed by Albert Einstein (Old Earth Industrial/Atomic Age physicist); based on the postulate that the speed of light in a vacuum is constant and independent of the source or the observer, and that the mathematical forms of the laws of physics are invariant in all inertial systems. See also Special Relativity, General Relativity.
Table of Relativistic and Time Dilation Effects The following shows the amount of distortion in length, mass, and time, that occurs in a ship travelling at non-relativistic, sub-relativistic, and relativistic velocity (as indicated by percentage of c - the speed of light). The closer to the speed of light a ship is, the greater the Lorentz contraction, hence the more compressed the ship appears to an external observer.
Relativistic Mass also increases, as does time dilation, but rest mass remains constant. So for a 100 meter long vessel travelling at 95% of c its length (along the axis of movement) to an external observer would be 31 meters, its relativistic mass would have increased almost 3 times, and for every normal hour that passes the crew only age 18.7 minutes.
|Velocity % c ||Length (metres) ||Mass (tonnes) ||Ship hour (in minutes) |
|0 ||100 ||100 ||60 |
|10 ||99.50 ||100.50 ||59.52 |
|20 ||95.39 ||104.83 ||57.20 |
|30 ||95.39 ||104.83 ||57.20 |
|40 ||91.65 ||109.11 ||55.00 |
|50 ||86.60 ||115.47 ||52.10 |
|60 ||80.00 ||125.00 ||48.00 |
|70 ||71.41 ||140.03 ||42.75 |
|80 ||60.00 ||166.67 ||36.00 |
|90 ||43.59 ||229.42 ||26.18 |
|95 ||31.22 ||320.26 ||18.71 |
|99 ||14.11 ||708.88 ||8.83 |
|99.9 ||4.47 ||2,236.63 ||2.78 |
|99.9 ||0.71 ||14,142.20 ||1.17 |
|100 ||zero ||infinity ||zero |
- Einstein, Albert - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
Old Earth late Industrial Age German/American physicist, 90-14 BT (1879-1955 c.e.) and popular su genome template. Formulated the Theories of Special and General Relativity. Einstein won the Nobel Prize in 48 BT (1921 c.e.) for explaining the photoelectric effect.
- General Relativity - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
A development by Einstein of his Special Relativity that includes acceleration and gravity, both of which are explained via the curvature of space-time.
- Relativistic - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
Of, or pertaining to, velocities or objects travelling at close to the speed of light, which experience effects such as time dilation, mass increase, and so on, as described in Special Relativity.
- Relativistic Kinetic Kill System (RKKS)
- Special Theory of Relativity - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
Theory formulated by Old Earth physicist Albert Einstein that deals with relative motions, and takes as its starting point the fact that the speed of light is a universal constant. During the late Industrial and early Atomic Age, Special Relativity supplanted Newtonian mechanics, yielding different results for very fast-moving objects. Special Relativity is based on the idea that speed has an upper bound; nothing can pass the speed of light. The theory also states that time and distance measurements are not absolute but are instead relative to the observer's frame of reference. Space and time are viewed as aspects of a single phenomenon, called space-time. Energy and momentum are similarly linked. As a result, mass can be converted into huge amounts of energy, and vice versa, according to the formula E=mc2. Contrast with General Theory of Relativity.