Intelligent SuperObjects (ISOs) come in many shapes and sizes, from structures as small as a large sea-going mammal (the Great Whale on Pacifica) to an object as large as a cluster-brain.
The design and creation of ISOs and their components is largely in the realm of the transapients or even the greater archailects, although many of the principles have been derived by modosophont thinkers for many millenia.
Typical modern designs require technologies comprehensible only to an S3 or higher, though other beings may play supporting roles in construction.
Bekenstein Bound - Text by Anders Sandberg in his Transhumanist Terminology The upper bound of the amount of information inside a spherical region with a given energy. Information in this context is to be understood as distinguishable (quantum) states. Due to the uncertainty relations it is possible to derive a bound of the form
Derrida ISO - Text by John B To prevent lag in computronium caused by upload overpopulation in an ISO, some few ISOs have taken to 'Derridaism', which is Named after the Old Earth French late Industrial Age philosopher Jacques Derrida. The basic concept is to take the population's personality types and break them down into their smallest cogent fractions - e.g., a love for baseball, a memory of breeze in your hair, etc. These fractions are then assigned a weight depending on how common they are across the population's experience base.
Eklund ISO - Text by Anders Sandberg Historical Keterist world, exploiting the tremendous computing resources of the ISO for historical simulations/recreations (often called retreations) based on all available evidence and the self-consistency of history. Beside the Institute of Long-Range Cliology it is also known for the the Resurrection Orbit, a corporate brotherhood specializing in resurrecting versions of historical persons from the Institute retreations.
Goldilocks ISO - Text by Anders Sandberg The SZ Crater VII ISO "Goldilocks". The ISO is 150 kilometres across and consists of tangles of fullerite threads with superconductor cores and irregular diamondoid computational nodes.
ISO (Intelligent Super-Object) - Text by M. Alan Kazlev A large construct intended for the housing of an archailect or transapient or a high singularity culture or civilization. ISOs can be mobile or stationary, with sizes ranging from a few kilometers to Dyson spheres.
ISO YahWeh - Text by Ben Higginbottom A former Solarian S1 theology instructor under the delusion that e is a figure from pre-singularity mythology.
Isotect - Text by Anders Sandberg Designer of ISOs. A notably posthuman profession which among subsingularity beings has the connotation of "something hyperturings do". A statement like "E's an isotect" implies that the referred being is doing something unknowable.
Megastructure - Text by M. Alan Kazlev An exceedingly large construct, typically measuring tens to thousands or even millions of kilometres along its greatest dimension. Megastructures may serve any of several puposes, not all of them mutually exclusive: archailect node, orbital for vec or biont habitation, computronium node for virch or ai life, large ISO, and work of art are some of the possibilities.
Neuron Star - Text by Damien Broderick, in Anders Sandberg's Transhuman Terminology A neutron star used as a basis for a densely packed mind (similar to a jupiter brain or omegon) exploiting neutronium or quark matter for computation.
Wormhole Bus - Text by M. Alan Kazlev, with additions by Steve Bowers Dedicated hyperbandwidth wormhole used to link remote parts of megascale brains in order to avoid the effects of the Beckenstein Bound. An essential part of archailectarchitecture. The term is also used to refer to wormhole links between interstellar-separated dyson nodes.