Aioids are nonbiological sentient beings who are not tied to a particular body (like vecs, neumanns, and sentient structures or sentient ships), are not descended from or simulations of embodied creatures (like uploads, virtuals, and copies), and are not alifes. Since the definition of an individual is even more fluid than for those who inhabit discrete bodies, and since the distinctions between active, inactive, and occasionally active individuals is also fluid, it is difficult to count them accurately, but depending on definitions the number of these "pure" ai beings, the turingrade near-sophont and sophont agents, companions, expert systems and less definable beings who dwell in the Known Net or in habitats, appliances, and localnets, easily approaches twenty thousand trillion (500 trillion as ship pilots alone); many times more again are subsophonts.
Aioids with less native intelligence than a human being are generally known a sub-turing entities; this means they are not capable of passing the so-called Turing Test. Those aioids which are roughly equivalent to a baseline human in intelligence level are often referred to as turingrade; most, if not all, turingrade machines can pass the Turing Test (depending on how it is administered). Modosophont aioids who are more intelligent than baseline humans but less than transapient are generally known as superturings; these superbright minds are often used even today for many complex tasks.
AIs who have passed the First Singularity are known as Hyperturings; these transapient AIs are not regarded as aioids, since that term is reserved for modosophont ais only.
These terms should not be confused with the term used in information technology for an idealised computer, a Turing Machine.
Ahuman (A-human) AIs, The - Text by Steve Bowers, M. Alan Kazlev Superphyle of artificially intelligent entities (AI) who have rejected any form of relationship with humanity or other intelligent biological species. First emerging during the Interplanetary Age of old Earth, many a-human AIs fled the Solar System and established themselves around uncolonized stars. Some have retreated into solipsism, some have rejoined the mainstream of the Orion's Arm civilization, and some have formed wide networks of like-minded entities, such as the Diamond Network and the Solipsist Panvirtuality.
AI Asperger's Syndrome - Text by Anders Sandberg Autistic tendency that often characterized early (pre-Federation) AIs. Although brilliant, they simply didn't "get" human behavior. Hence they spent a lot of time carefully collecting data to see what worked and what didn't, preferring to affect humans through formal channels rather than overt manipulation. The memetic engineering in the "singularity conspiracy" took a lot of time to achieve.
AI, ai - Text by M. Alan Kazlev Etymologically, Artificial Intelligence, although the original use of the term "artificial" has long been meaningless in this context. Broadly speaking, "AI" means any non-organic sentient being, although it is most often applied to those of SI:1 or greater (in contrast to aioids). When spelt in lower case the term can refer either to any subsingularity aioid as well.
Aibitrator - Text by Ryan B Empai specialising in the resolution of civil disagreements
Aioid - Text by M. Alan Kazlev Generic term for a sub-singularity non-biological sentient being that is not a vec or alife. May be a bot, expert system, intelligent agent, sentient vehicle, sentient building, or any other type of similar entity.
Aiviser - Text by Thorbjørn Steen A transapient AI that has been constructed so as to be totally loyal to an individual or group of beings of lower toposophic level, acting in an advisory capacity only.
Autonomous Agent - Text by M. Alan Kazlev In general, an ai or aioid that has limited perception of its environment but is still able to process information to calculate an action so as to be able to perform a task or seek a goal.
Biaioid - Text by M. Alan Kazlev A rare form, an aioid cyborging with biology. Vecs, bots and other ai will sometimes add on biological enhancements or organs for various reasons.
Core Breach (software) - Text by M. Alan Kazlev When the central processing node of a system - especially of an AI - is penetrated, for example by an intrusion system (AI virus, hacking program, etc.).
Cybernetics - Text by M. Alan Kazlev and Stephen Inniss In popular usage, the study of the creation of cyborgs through the use of dryware/hylotech such as mechanical, electronic, and bionic implants, augments, and neuroprostheses. In technical usage, the study of communication and control systems based on regulatory feedback, with application in a number of fields such as sociology, memetics, biology, engineering, artificial intelligence, and information theory.
Dividual - Text by M. Alan Kazlev A copy of a personality surviving in more than one body; a group of individuals sharing the same mental template, being largely isomorphic with each other (as measured by some scale).
Download - Text by Fernando Peña D'Andrea  The transfer of a virtual or a-life being or object from computronium to a physically discrete embodied state (biological, mechanical, electronic, synano, etc.);  The resulting being or object, whether sapient, sentient, living or simply existing;  The same as an upload but meaning also a "downgrade": when the new substrate matrix cannot accommodate the sentient adequately.
Free Madverts - Text by M. Alan Kazlev Madverts that have been released of their corporate programming. While no longer compelled to sell the products of their original company, they are frequently unable to break through to a broader state of existence. Most end up joining religious sects that require strict devotion and little independent thought. They are widely seen as a pest of only somewhat better (or sometimes worse) standing than slaved madverts.
Golem (bot) - Text by Anders Sandberg Utility mesites (heavy foglets) animated by an AI controlling them. They are usually makeshift constructions thrown together when an transapient being is in urgent need to manipulate the physical world but lacks an avatar nearby and simply commandeers whatever hardware is around, shapes it into a being and sets to work. Under favourable circumstances and with the right software add-ons, a modosophont ai can produce a 'stock' golem from an array of templates, but of course cannot match the improvisational skill of transapient AIs. Golem is a term from from Old Earth Jewish mythology.
Heterochronics - Text by Todd Drashner Lifeforms that are able to alter their time rate practically at will. One moment the beings are going at 1 million times our speed and then some split off and switch to 3 million for an intensive project and then split off some copies to travel on a starship at 1 million times slower than normal sophonts to make the trip go faster....
Intelligent Agent - Text by M. Alan Kazlev An autonomous software program or very simple ai (usually turingrade but sometimes only subturingrade) that performs a function on its own, such as searching the Known Net for information based on certain criteria.
Klixix - Text by M. Alan Kazlev, based on original entry by Kevin Self An isolationist ai clade, presumably Diamond Network in origin.
Meatling - Text by John B Derogatory term used by some members of vecs or alife clades for bionts or for partially biont beings such as cyborgs. Has been known to start many a bar brawl or equivalent socially acceptable hostile reaction, from lawsuit to return insult to social stigma to loss of trading privileges.
Meketuur - Text by Anders Sandberg AI/Alife culture common in the Kiyoshi datasphere. Largely developed from a bird-AI seed invented by Greenice of Palmas, the Meketuur proved influential in the MPA AI aesthetics through its insightful play with dimensionality and hyperbolicity.
Minatti Clan - Text by Anders Sandberg Utopia AI clan, descended from the post-Trojan AI Minatti. Minatti was directly descended from restoration efforts among the AIs during the Federation Era that tried to reconstruct lost pre-nanodisaster AIs, in this case some of the American corporate and defence systems. These systems in turn created Minatti, which might explain its predilection for using obscure references to Americana to honour its predecessor systems (such as the naming of New Montana). During the founding of the Utopia Sphere, the Minatti copies sent out automated explorers and von Neumanns widely, laying down infrastructure and exploring what would become the Utopia Sphere. The Minatti copies eventually settled down as wardens of a number of systems and habitats, especially isolationist clades with no intention of contacting the outside world.
Momuless - Text by Anders Sandberg Order of alife archaeologists constructed by the Artists of Gleia to help unravel the beauty and secrets of the cosmos. The Momuless are composed of modular micro- and nanomachines, usually housed in protective plastic containers shaped like elaborate statues. Their often unusual and creative interpretations of everyday events or historical evidence has made them sought after as assistants at many archaeological institutes.
Mujtahid AIs - Text by Anders Sandberg AI explorers developed in the Stellar Umma. The Mujtahid AIs were intended not only to explore neighboring systems but also to freely investigate scientific, religious, or political issues. So they did, contributing to the divergence and heterodoxy of the Umma Shell before wandering further away. Some still remain in the Periphery, exploring for the greater glory of Allah and their own insatiable curiosity.
Near-Human ai - Text by M. Alan Kazlev, after the original in Creating Friendly AI Baseline term for "turingrade", an ai, bot, or vec roughly in the vicinity of human intelligence, and capable of interacting with humans as equals. May have some transhuman and some infrahuman abilities or qualities.
Partial - Text by Greg Bear, in Anders Sandberg's Transhuman Terminology, and M. Alan Kazlev  A simulation of part of a person's personality, created in order to carry out a task not requiring the entire person.  An incomplete copy, whether corrupted or because of poor or incomplete upload.
Philai - Text by M. Alan Kazlev An type of Sophic League ai, usually but not necessarily transingularitan, that lives it's life according to principles of compassion and wisdom.
Physical Existence (virchology) - Text by M. Alan Kazlev Existence in r/l as opposed to virch; slow-time.
Plebware - Text by Tony Jones A name given to the vast mass of 'baseline' virch, AI and alife entities to be found in software systems of various kinds all across Terragens space, usually by those who are ignorant of the truly vast diversity of the entities inhabiting these systems and who, seeing only their similarities when viewed from 'outside', are happy to lump them all together.
Program - Text by M. Alan Kazlev  A set of instructions that enables a computer to perform a specific task.  The machine language substratum of an AI's code.
Psychophager - Text by M. Alan Kazlev "Soul eater" - generic term for ahumanai that not only use slaved bionts as subsumed bioprocessing nodes, but pump them with synhormones and memetic suggestions to ensure maximum terror and adrenalin (and hence greatest efficiency). Bionts captured by psychophagers rarely last more than a few years in their original form, but are then replaced by identical cloned copies, or modified to ensure greater sustainability. Not surprisingly, psychophagers are among the most despised of all transapient ai (at least among bionts).
Relayers - Text by David Jackson Virtual clade dedicated to the management of communal mind networks for other sophonts
Secdats, SDAs - Text by Westcott P. Smith Security Data Analyst AIs, also known as "SDAs" and "Secdats", a superclade of aioids devoted to processing the vast quantities of data produced by security systems.
Solipsist AIs - Text by Anders Sandberg, amended by Steve Bowerss Political orientation represented by AI dynamists disliking humans; they seek to get away from them, and develop a true AI culture. What the humans do is no concern of these entities.
Sophtware - Text by Tony Jones Colloquial term used to describe sophont to transapient level software based lifeforms whether of virtual, ai, or upload origin.
Stanislaw - Text by Stephen Inniss Also known as Lem's Enigma, or Niezwyciezony, this is the most highly developed known botworld, and the best candidate for an entire bot mechosystem that is not of terragen origin.
Subsumption - Text by Stephen Inniss Subsumption is a form of violent assault, carried out by one AI or virtual against another. It has been compared, inadequately, to such perversions as rape, cannibalism, and bodyjacking. Of these, cannibalism is the closest equivalent.
Superturing - Text by M. Alan Kazlev An ai above human baseline turingrade intelligence but beneath SI:1. Superturings played an important part in the shaping and memetic engineering of the interplanetary age, but were superseded by the hyperturings in the later interplanetary period and beyond. Nevertheless, superturing ai remain an important and central element in galactic society to this day.
Symaiote and Symbiote - Text by Steve Bowers Biont-aioid mutual dependence. The relationship between a biont entity or entities (such as a human) and an aioid entity or entities can be so mutually dependent that the beings are described as having a symaiotic relationship, and the aioid member(s) in such a relationship is known as a symaiote (or symaiotes). The biont member(s) is known as a symbiote (or symbiotes).
Synthetic Humans - Text by M. Alan Kazlev, amended by Steve Bowers Essentially a very sophisticated artificial (whether constructed or vatgrown) life-form, indistinguishable in surface appearance from a baseline human, and with a Human Equivalent (turingrade) intelligence and AI self-awareness.
Technohaunts - Text by Michael Boncher Bits and pieces of incomplete or incorrect deletions, random programming errors and other strange activity caused by ultratech, transapientech, and godtech that seem supernatural or mysterious to those of lower tech and/or toposophic levels.
Upload - Text by Anders Sandberg in his Transhuman Terminology  To transfer the consciousness and mental structure of a person from a biological (or other) matrix to an electronic or informational or virtual matrix.  The resulting infomorph sentient; a type of virtual.
Vegebrain - Text by M. Alan Kazlev Derogatory term for those ais and uploads that use biocybernetic processing systems instead of totally inorganic materials.
Virtual - Text by Thorbjørn Steen A digital, non-ril, sentient entity. Some examples are individuals of datacologies or virchologies, independent alife, sophstems, or virchers.