Left to themselves, Primtech cultures and societies are extremely stable and long-lived, persisting for tens or hundreds of thousands of years and more. Prims are often found in reserves and societums, under Caretaker or Utopian stewardship, or in habitats or microhabitats and niches in orwoods and other complex and spacious environments. Frequently they live in symbiotic or commensal association with and in large ships and orwoods. Given a stable self-sustaining habitat or orbital, prims can survive indefinitely without need for any infrastructure. Prims are also often adept at adapting more advanced technology to their needs, and incorporating it into their traditional lifestyle.
At the lowest technology levels, Primitive Tech government tends to be based on tribal chiefdoms, and may be either patriarchal, matriarchal, hermophro-archal, hive, or parahive, depending on the clade and culture in question. Economics involves living off the land and is fairly simple. There is a very strong tendency to animism, a sense of sacredness and of the Spirit of the World/Habitat/Ship in which they live and have lived often for hundreds of generations. At higher technology levels, Primitive Tech societies may include nations, empires, and other larger scale organizations, and significant mercantile activity.
To compensate for the lack of technology, there may be a strong emphasis on magic and esotericism, especially shamanism and animism. Sometimes the more formal religions and philosophies found in some of the "higher end" Primitive Tech societies incorporate these elements as well. Contact with higher civilizations can be devastating for Primitive Tech cultures, as their members may leave for the bright lights of the city but end up exploited, lost, confused, and without the stable roots their traditional lifestyle provides. For this reason, ships and habs with symbiotic Prims tend to minimize or prevent interaction with the higher tech societies.
Agricultural Revolution - Text by M. Alan Kazlev; some additions by Stephen Inniss The first stage of the Kardashev Type 0 Civilization, in which people move away from living as bands of gatherers and hunters, and begin to cluster into villages and develop culture. Cultivation of crops and tending of livestock enables a much higher population density than is possible with nomadic tribalism, and also allows specialization of labor, the development of skills and urbanization, writing, priesthood, slaveholding, taxes, a standing army, and other aspects of civilized culture.
Fallow - Text by M. Alan Kazlev; amended by Stephen Inniss In prim (pre- and anti-industrial) societies, fallow land is land that has been left ploughed but not planted for one season. This helps the soil recover its fertility. Even so, this method of farming is grossly inefficient and ecologically destructive compared sophisticated polycultural techniques or with higher tech bio-nano assisted agriculture.
Paleolithic - Text by M. Alan Kazlev The old stone age. Among Old Earth hominids the stage of development of the most primitive stone tools. Also applied to analogous stages among xenosophont tool users.
Rif - Text by M. Alan Kazlev A ludd, an opponent of ultratech. Sometimes also applied to prims. [From Rifkinite, from Jeremy Rifkin, early Information Age opponent of genetic engineering and nanotech.]