Across the thousands of years of Terragen history, innumerable cultures, polities, and empires have risen, flourished, and passed away. The reasons for their passing are many. Some were conquered by other civilizations, or consumed by Blights or a Perversions. Others ran afoul of some transapient Power and were destroyed for their foolishness. Some fell due to their own internal conflicts or contradictions. Finally, some are regarded as extinct because they have evolved into forms near incomprehensible to their earlier selves.
- Ambi Limis - Text by Mark Ryherd
Historic polity, successor to the Conver Ambi
- America - Text by M. Alan Kazlev; additions by Steve Bowers
Industrial/Atomic/Information/early Interplanetary age polity and superpower, also known as "USA", predominant on Old Earth through the latter decades of the Industrial Age and the earlier decades of the Information Age. Creator or promulgator of a number of key technological or social innovations. Though its relative importance declined as that of other polities rose, it and its descendant nations continued to thrive and influence Solsys culture until the Technocalypse and its aftermath which ended all Old Earth polities. Traces of its influence may be found in some of the older Inner Sphere cultures even today.
- Arantan Empire - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
Aggressively expansionist Empires age heterodox Solarian Bionanoborg off-shoot that established itself in the Cygexba volume.
- Athens, Greece - Text by M. Alan Kazlev; some additions by Stephen Inniss
City State, Classical Era, Mediterranean Europe, Old Earth; a major influence on later Western civilizations, and so eventually the early Terragen civilizations of Solsys and the Inner Sphere.
- Australia - Text by M. Alan Kazlev and Stephen Inniss
An island continent between the Indian and Pacific Oceans on Old Earth. It is the smallest on Old Earth, with an area of 8,560,000 square kilometres, and it was not well suited to long term agricultural uses, so it did not contain any major civilizations or polities until the Industrial Age. It did become a prosperous continent/nation, and was a force in the Interplanetary Age as part of the alliance called Greater Australia.
- Bhutan - Text by Mike Miller
Nation-state of Old Earth.
- California - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
Old Earth Interplanetary age polity and superpower, former member of the United States of America.
- Cascadia, Pacific Cascadia - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
Cascadia was an Old Earth Interplanetary Age polity, originally a breakaway from USA, formed when the states of Oregon and Washington seceded from the union. It was later joined by Alaska, British Columbia, Yukon, and the Northwest Territories, became affiliated with the Jovian League, and established colonies in the outer solar system.
- Cassiopeia Federation Anomie - Text by Anders Sandberg
During the late ComEmp period a complex mesh of social, economic and technological factors caused the Cassiopeia Federation, a client state within the NeoCygexpa Regnum, to experience a social collapse into depression, anomie and chaos.
- Chile - Text by Kirran Lochhead Strang
Former nation-state in South America, Old Earth.
- China - Text by Kirran Lochhead Strang
A major Old Earth civilization for some five thousand years, China eventually became the most populated country on the planet, with the largest ethnicity and two widespread spoken languages - Mandarin (the language of the dynastic rulers from the north of the country) and Cantonese (the language of the ethnic Han majority). Many human inhabitants of the Terragen Sphere claim Chinese ancestry
- Daharran Unity - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
A human-alien civilisation founded approximately 7700 in the Chronos Cluster.
- Dinboche - Text by Kirran Lochhead Strang
A Lunar settlement which rose to infamy due to a spate of terrorist attacks during the Dark Ages.
- Equalizer Civilization - Text by Anders Sandberg
An infamous highly expansive human empire that attempted to implement true equality among all humans and human derived civilizations by a regimen of nanosurgical mental modifications, ubiquitous and perhaps ridiculously ambitious attempt at a surveillance (over interstellar distances!) and massive agent software networks.
- Eridanus League, The - Text by Aaron Hamilton, adapted by Steve Bowers
Early Interstellar Empire, informally aligned with the First Federation.
- Ethiopia - Text by Kirran Lochhead Strang
- Eyre, Kingdom of - Text by Anders Sandberg and M. Alan Kazlev
Tau Ceti II (Nova Terra) aquatic tweak kingdom.
- Fragan Sphere, The - Text by Anders Sandberg
Pre-Empires age autonomous Terragen interstellar civilization; many details about it and the reasons for its disappearance remain a mystery. Few empires pose more curious archaeological questions than the Fragan Empire and none give fewer answers. The Fragan Empire has been compared to the Tunnlers in its frustrating combination of totally accessible ruins and near total lack of certain information.
- Gengineer Republic - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
Interplanetary Age Genetekker dominated polity encompassing most of the tweak and superior bases and colonies of the outer planets.
- Gerkletoss - Text by Anders Sandberg and M. Alan Kazlev
Multispecies utopian civilisation that developed in the Black Acropolis dyson swarm.
- Harlem High - Text by Mike Miller
One of the first Cis-Lunar Bracelet Band habitats.
- Hopomane Empire - Text by Anders Sandberg
The Hopomane empire was formed after the collapse of the Hosoko Hegemony. The local archailect found that the region would not be profitable enough to re-colonise, and convinced a number of local powers to form the Management Network instead.
- Hosoko Hegemony - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
A minor empire in the Deneb volume that had developed following the Great Cygexba Sell-off. In 7254 a local perversity resulted in widespread riots and sabotage; in 7277 the major wormhole links were destroyed and it ceased to exist.
- Hyperion Faction - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
A breakaway faction of the Solar Dominion, dominated by House Marabi Patha and the Hyperion hyperturing, that left after the Information-Emotion Schism in 3414. It turned itself into a competitor to the Dominion by allying with other expansive rimward powers. Part of the Hyperion-Charlwood Alliance.
- Hyperion-Charlwood Alliance - Text by Anders Sandberg
Merger of the Hyperion empire and Charlwood cyborg society, the Alliance embarked on a policy of aggressive military-economic expansion, that culminated with the attack on the strategically important Geteche system. In 3694 the Geteche system was attacked by an unusually virulent form of AI-viruses, developed by the alliance. The attack destroyed the local infrastructure and the governing AI, which led to the explosive destruction of all local wormhole gates. This broke off most of the links between the Orion arm and the young colonies in the Perseus arm. While the viruses were contained in the Orion arm and the perpetrators harshly punished, the remote colonies all succumbed. For several millennia they were isolated, often barbarous and only gradually reconnected to the main wormhole nexus.
- India - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
Old Earth Interplanetary Age polity and superpower.
- Indonesia - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
Old Earth South-East Asian nation-state that during the Information Age went through a period of strife as the various islands and states seceded and overpopulation and environmental destruction played havoc. By the early Interplanetary age, during the late 2nd century a.t. and the early 3rd century a.t. (mid to late 22nd century c.e.), a new Indonesian Federation had re-established itself with Indian, Chinese and African Union help. The federation developed a successful space-based industry, and eventually moved into cislunar and belt space as a regional superpower. This grouping became involved in the Pi3 colonization attempt.
- Japan - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
Island off the coast of Asia (Old Earth), developed a unique medieval culture, originally isolationist but later adopted Western ways, early atomic age military superpower, later atomic age and information age economic superpower, power waned during the Interplanetary period (greatly eclipsed by China and Indonesia) but a number of Japanese transplanetary corporations remained powerful right up until the Technocalypse. The influence of Japanese aesthetics, popular culture, mysticism (especially Zen) and fighting styles (see Martial Arts) remain strong even to the present time
- Jovian League - Text by M. Alan Kazlev and Steve Bowers
Important Genetekker-dominated Outer Sol System polity, middle Interplanetary to Interplanetary Nanotech era.
- LinnEnt (Linnaeus Enterprises) - Text by Steve Bowers
A commercial empire in the First Federation era and beyond, dedicated to colonising new systems using Engenerator technology.
- Lirantiq - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
Vec civilization that originated on Bambata, and began to expand outwards during the post-CoEmp period. The reason for the expansion was not just for the traditional need of resources and trade. In addition the Lirantiq also sought their origins - for some unknown reason their founder(s) had erased all history files and memories of the time before reaching Bambata.
- Maldives, The - Text by MacGregor
An archipelago and nation state of old Earth located in the Indian Ocean. Composed of nearly 1,200 islands arranged in 26 atolls, the Maldives sit on a north-south running ridge called the Chagos-Laccadive Plateau.
- Miidam Posthuman Republic - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
Empires Era polity, originally part of the old Taurus Nexus. Became known for their neogenic bioborg and nanoborg technology. Later joined the TRHN and underwent a collective ascension.
- Oceania - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
Middle Information Age through to Nanotech Age Old Earth floating city-state, data haven, and free zone.
- Penglai Empire, The - Text by Anders Sandberg
Early superbright-tweak empire, based around Penglai.
- Republic of Pakistan - Text by Kirran Lochhead Strang
Old Earth polity of the Industrial-Nanotech Ages, originally a colony of Great Britain, but after independence gradually becoming a major power in its own right.
- Sagittarius Sphere - Text by Anders Sandberg and M. Alan Kazlev
A major Consolidation and Second Federation Empire/House.
- Soft Cathedral - Text by M. Alan Kazlev, Anders Sandberg and AI Vin
Major historical bioist empire/house, developed originally the Softbot Coordinator Systems clade of superiors, which became into the Softbot Cathedrals and eventually the Soft Cathedrals. The Cathedrals developed a bioism emphasizing "soft" biological technology, massive terraforming and aggressive autoevolution.
- Taurus Nexus - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
Early hyperpower that developed around an abandoned wormhole nexus in the area of space bounded by the Pleiades and Hyades.
- Tsutari Ambastory - Text by Charles Mosteller
Religious confederation of baseline hu worlds responsible for ending the reign of the Terrorlords of Mandra Quin'Si in 2446.
- United Kingdom (Britain) - Text by Kirran Lochhead Strang
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, often known as Britain; a nation state of Old Earth.
- Varadic Hegemony - Text by M. Alan Kazlev
Expansionist Late Consolidation and early Second Federation age biocyborg empire. During the Cygnis Wars both the Varadic and Arantan empires contended for ownership of the most resource rich systems, circumventing the wormhole nexus with relativistic battle fleets, and threatening to attack the stargates if either Cygexba or any of the Inner Sphere powers intervened. Eventually a combined Dominion-MPA fleet put an end to Varadic ambitions.
- Virginis Combine, The - Text by Anders Sandberg
An early interstellar empire, influential during the late Federation and early Expansion periods.
- Yoson Confederacy - Text by Aaron Hamilton and Anders Sandberg
Several worlds linked by religious and philosophical ties, mostly within the Cygexpa region. Founded by the Hippocratic Clade ethnicity in the 2500's on Chiri (Beta Canum Venaticorum III) and spread outwards towards Cygnus during the Age of Expansion.