A parasapient alife is an artificial being that has evolved spontaneously to a condition resembling sapience, usually in a virtual reality environment. Although a few are certainly sapient and rational in the way that humans, vecs, and some xenosophonts are (and hence are true sophonts), others have completely novel and exotic forms of consciousness. Their diversity of consciousness is matched only by their diversity of form. A very small number go on to become "hyperturing" animins.
Although they could be compared to organic sapients, alifes are often very different from any beings evolved in the physical universe and seldom find it relevant to interact with other than as a special case. The digital environment allows rapid speciation, especially in new or isolated virtual worlds, and most local nets have their own indigenous forms. There are also cases where alifes have taken on robot and even bionoid bodies in order to explore or even migrate into real-life.
The number of presapient, parasapient, and sapient-grade alifes existing in the Known Net or in isolated virchworlds or ai cores (some hyperturings collect alifes, the reason is often not clear) cannot be calculated, but it may run to many thousand trillions, with countless trillions more of subsapient but still sentient grade.
A-lifes - Text by Anders Sandberg and Steve Bowers Beings evolved in artificial life simulations. Instead of being designed like AIs, they evolve in a Darwinian way within a virtual environment (see Software Based Evolution).
Download - Text by Fernando PeÃ±a D'Andrea  The transfer of a virtual or a-life being or object from computronium to a physically discrete embodied state (biological, mechanical, electronic, synano, etc.);  The resulting being or object, whether sapient, sentient, living or simply existing;  The same as an upload but meaning also a "downgrade": when the new substrate matrix cannot accommodate the sentient adequately.
Near-Human ai - Text by M. Alan Kazlev, after the original in Creating Friendly AI Baseline term for "turingrade", an ai, bot, or vec roughly in the vicinity of human intelligence, and capable of interacting with humans as equals. May have some transhuman and some infrahuman abilities or qualities.
Plebware - Text by Tony Jones A name given to the vast mass of 'baseline' virch, AI and alife entities to be found in software systems of various kinds all across Terragens space, usually by those who are ignorant of the truly vast diversity of the entities inhabiting these systems and who, seeing only their similarities when viewed from 'outside', are happy to lump them all together.
Postalife - Text by M. Alan Kazlev An alife who has attained transingularity status. Even by S1 and higher standards, postalifes by their very nature are quite variable - much more so than posthumans. Some are not too dissimilar to standard S1 posthumans and hyperturings, while others are very alien indeed. Some postalife are defined as animin.
Program - Text by M. Alan Kazlev  A set of instructions that enables a computer to perform a specific task.  The machine language substratum of an AI's code.
Sensestem - Text by Thorbørn Steen Any large system that has gained sentience but not sophonce as an emergent property
Subsumption - Text by Stephen Inniss Subsumption is a form of violent assault, carried out by one AI or virtual against another. It has been compared, inadequately, to such perversions as rape, cannibalism, and bodyjacking. Of these, cannibalism is the closest equivalent.